Provided details on the food industry that I did not know about.
101 Reasons Why Im A Vegetarian
Definately influenced my current food choices. View 1 comment. Jul 09, Andrea rated it really liked it. Love the format - rice jumps from topics including health, environment, animal rights, and world impact. Who would eat meat after reading this-- it is soooo bad. Bahrum rated it it was amazing Oct 18, Sidney rated it liked it Sep 27, Patricia rated it really liked it Apr 17, Vicky Reads MG rated it really liked it Jul 18, Susan Wojtas rated it really liked it Jun 24, Mabel rated it really liked it Apr 01, Linda Wilkinson rated it really liked it Dec 16, Dan Davis rated it it was amazing Sep 17, Jenny rated it liked it Apr 13, Cristina rated it really liked it Jul 25, Scottreddy rated it it was amazing Jun 06, Ken Beller rated it liked it Oct 02, Sarah Jones rated it liked it Jan 05, Liz rated it it was amazing Jan 10, Melissa Du rated it it was ok Mar 17, Veronique Perrot rated it really liked it Oct 10, B Dub rated it it was amazing May 08, Jaspreet rated it it was ok Apr 08, Eliana rated it it was amazing Dec 15, Lisa rated it liked it Aug 08, Chuck rated it liked it Jan 28, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
About Pamela Rice. Pamela Rice.
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Books by Pamela Rice. Trivia About Reasons Why I No trivia or quizzes yet. Welcome back. All that plant food could be used much more efficiently if people just ate it directly. Meat is not environmentally friendly.
We never considered the impact of these actions on the animals involved. For whatever reason, you are now asking the question: Why should animals have rights? Share Share Tweet Pin. Department of Health and Human Services .
Studies on the health effects of vegetarian diets observe mixed effects on mortality. One review found a decreased overall risk of all cause mortality, cancer except breast and cardiovascular disease;  however, a meta-analysis found lower risk for ischemic heart disease and cancer but no effect on overall mortality or cerebrovascular disease. The American Dietetic Association has stated that at all stages of life, a properly planned vegetarian diet can be "healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may be beneficial in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases.
Vegetarian diets have been studied to see whether they are of benefit in treating arthritis , but no good supporting evidence has been found. As of [update] the relationship between vegetarian diet and bone health was unclear.
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According to some studies, a vegetarian lifestyle can be associated with vitamin B 12 deficiency and low bone mineral density. Vegetarian diets might reduce the risk of developing diabetes. The American Dietetic Association discussed that vegetarian diets may be more common among adolescents with eating disorders , indicating that vegetarian diets do not cause eating disorders, but rather "vegetarian diets may be selected to camouflage an existing eating disorder". Vegetarian diets may lower the risk of heart disease , as well as reduce the need for medications prescribed for chronic illnesses.
There have been many comparative and statistical studies of the relationship between diet and longevity, including vegetarianism and longevity. A metastudy combined data from five studies from western countries. Regular meat eaters had the base mortality rate of 1.
The study reported the numbers of deaths in each category, and expected error ranges for each ratio, and adjustments made to the data. However, the "lower mortality was due largely to the relatively low prevalence of smoking in these [vegetarian] cohorts". Out of the major causes of death studied, only one difference in mortality rate was attributed to the difference in diet, as the conclusion states: " In Mortality in British vegetarians ,  a similar conclusion is drawn:.
British vegetarians have low mortality compared with the general population. Their death rates are similar to those of comparable non-vegetarians, suggesting that much of this benefit may be attributed to non-dietary lifestyle factors such as a low prevalence of smoking and a generally high socio-economic status, or to aspects of the diet other than the avoidance of meat and fish. The Adventist Health Studies is ongoing research that documents the life expectancy in Seventh-day Adventists. This is the only study among others with similar methodology which had favourable indication for vegetarianism.
The researchers found that a combination of different lifestyle choices could influence life expectancy by as much as 10 years. The researchers concluded that "the life expectancies of California Adventist men and women are higher than those of any other well-described natural population" at The life expectancy of California Adventists surviving to age 30 was The Adventist health study is again incorporated into a metastudy titled "Does low meat consumption increase life expectancy in humans? Statistical studies, such as comparing life expectancy with regional areas and local diets in Europe also have found life expectancy considerably greater in southern France, where a low meat, high plant Mediterranean diet is common, than northern France, where a diet with high meat content is more common.
A study by the Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, and Institute of Physiological Chemistry looked at a group of 19 vegetarians lacto-ovo and used as a comparison a group of 19 omnivorous subjects recruited from the same region. The study found that this group of vegetarians lacto-ovo have a significantly higher amount of plasma carboxymethyllysine and advanced glycation endproducts AGEs compared to this group of non-vegetarians.
A strict vegetarian diet avoiding consumption of all animal products risks vitamin B12 deficiency, which can lead to hyperhomocysteinemia , a risk factor for several health disorders, including anemia , neurological deficits , gastrointestinal problems, platelet disorders, and increased risk for cardiovascular diseases.
Western vegetarian diets are typically high in carotenoids , but relatively low in omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin B Protein intake in vegetarian diets is lower than in meat diets but can meet the daily requirements for most people. Vegetarian diets typically contain similar levels of iron to non-vegetarian diets, but this has lower bioavailability than iron from meat sources, and its absorption can sometimes be inhibited by other dietary constituents.
However, the American Dietetic Association states that iron deficiency is no more common in vegetarians than non-vegetarians adult males are rarely iron deficient ; iron deficiency anaemia is rare no matter the diet. Vitamin B 12 is not generally present in plants but is naturally found in foods of animal origin. The recommended daily dietary intake of B 12 in the United States and Canada is 0. Plant-based, or vegetarian, sources of Omega 3 fatty acids include soy , walnuts , pumpkin seeds, canola oil , kiwifruit , hempseed , algae , chia seed , flaxseed , echium seed and leafy vegetables such as lettuce, spinach , cabbage and purslane.
Purslane contains more Omega 3 than any other known leafy green. Olives and olive oil are another important plant source of unsaturated fatty acids. Plant foods can provide alpha-linolenic acid which the human body uses to synthesize the long-chain n-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. While the health effects of low levels of EPA and DHA are unknown, it is unlikely that supplementation with alpha-linolenic acid will significantly increase levels. Whole seaweeds are not suitable for supplementation because their high iodine content limits the amount that may be safely consumed.
Calcium intake in vegetarians and vegans can be similar to non-vegetarians, as long as the diet is properly planned. Non-dairy milks that are fortified with calcium, such as soymilk and almond milk can also contribute a significant amount of calcium in the diet. Vitamin D needs can be met via the human body's own generation upon sufficient and sensible exposure to ultraviolet UV light in sunlight. Vitamin D 2 , or ergocalciferol is found in fungus except alfalfa which is a plantae and created from viosterol , which in turn is created when ultraviolet light activates ergosterol which is found in fungi and named as a sterol from ergot.
Any UV -irradiated fungus including yeast form vitamin D 2. Claims have been made that a normal serving approx. Various ethical reasons have been suggested for choosing vegetarianism, usually predicated on the interests of non-human animals. In many societies, controversy and debate have arisen over the ethics of eating animals. Some people, while not vegetarians, refuse to eat the flesh of certain animals due to cultural taboo , such as cats, dogs, horses or rabbits.
Others support meat eating for scientific, nutritional and cultural reasons, including religious ones. Some meat eaters abstain from the meat of animals reared in particular ways, such as factory farms , or avoid certain meats, such as veal or foie gras. Some people follow vegetarian or vegan diets not because of moral concerns involving the raising or consumption of animals in general, but because of concerns about the specific treatment and practices involved in the processing of animals for food.
Others still avoid meat because meat production is claimed to place a greater burden on the environment than production of an equivalent amount of plant protein. Ethical objections based on consideration for animals are generally divided into opposition to the act of killing in general, and opposition to certain agricultural practices surrounding the production of meat. Ethical vegetarians believe that killing an animal, like killing a human, especially one who has equal or lesser cognitive abilities than the animals in question, can only be justified in extreme circumstances and that consuming a living creature for its enjoyable taste, convenience, or nutrition value is not a sufficient cause.
This view does not excuse cruelty, but maintains that animals do not possess the rights a human has. One of the main differences between a vegan and a typical vegetarian diet is the avoidance of both eggs and dairy products such as milk, cheese, butter and yogurt. Ethical vegans do not consume dairy or eggs because they state that their production causes the animal suffering or a premature death. To produce milk from dairy cattle , farmers separate calves from their mothers soon after birth or fed milk replacer to retain cow milk for human consumption.
A dairy cow's natural life expectancy is about twenty years. In battery cage and free-range egg production, unwanted male chicks are culled or discarded at birth during the process of securing a further generation of egg-laying hens. Ethical vegetarianism has become popular in developed countries particularly because of the spread of factory farming , faster communications, [ citation needed ] and environmental consciousness. Some believe that the current mass-demand for meat cannot be satisfied without a mass-production system that disregards the welfare of animals, while others believe that practices like well-managed free-range farming or the consumption of game particularly from species whose natural predators have been significantly eliminated could substantially alleviate consumer demand for mass-produced meat.
Jainism teaches vegetarianism as moral conduct as do some major  sects of Hinduism. Buddhism in general does not prohibit meat eating, while Mahayana Buddhism encourages vegetarianism as beneficial for developing compassion. Sikhism    does not equate spirituality with diet and does not specify a vegetarian or meat diet. Theravadins in general eat meat. In the Theravada canon, Buddha did not make any comment discouraging them from eating meat except specific types, such as human, elephant meat , horse, dog, snake, lion, tiger, leopard, bear, and hyena flesh  but he specifically refused to institute vegetarianism in his monastic code when a suggestion had been made.
In several Sanskrit texts of Mahayana Buddhism , Buddha instructs his followers to avoid meat. Early Christians disagreed as to whether they should eat meat, and later Christian historians have disagreed over whether Jesus was a vegetarian.
Reasons to Go Vegan
The early sect known as the Ebionites are considered to have practiced vegetarianism. Surviving fragments from their Gospel indicate their belief that — as Christ is the Passover sacrifice and eating the Passover lamb is no longer required — a vegetarian diet may or should be observed. However, orthodox Christianity does not accept their teaching as authentic.